The United States Golf Association (USGA) arranges US Open Golf Championship every year in mid-June in different courses throughout the USA. It doesn’t have a long history as it has been playing in the same format over the years. Let’s find out the history associated with the United States Open Championship.
First Event of US Open Golf
The first US Open event took place on October 4, 1895, at Newport Country Club, located in Rhode Island. The first tournament was played in a single day on a 36-hole competition. Only 11 golfers attended that competition, which includes ten professionals and one amateur. An English player, Horace Rawlins, won the tournament.
He received a $50 gold medal along with a $150 cash prize. The club he was representing won a trophy from USGA.
Changes in the Format
US Open changed its format from 36 holes to 72 holes in 1898. Since then, the competition has been playing on 72 holes in 4 rounds on an 18-hole course.
From 1985 to 1911, players from the USA could not get a single chance to win the championship. All the British players, mostly from Scotland, won the tournament.
Rise of US Players
American dominance era started in 1911 though John J. McDermott, the first American US Open Golf winner. After that, the rise of US golfers has begun, which is still going on.
In 1913, an American amateur golfer shocked the world by winning US Open at the age of 20. For the last 90 years, American golfers are dominating.
International players have failed to dominate US Open. The first win for an International player came in 1965. South African golfer Gary Player won the US Open.
After 1994, international players put some effort and became successful. From 1994 to 2010, international golfers won 8 titles out of the 17. Ernie Els and Retief Goosen from South African won four titles in that period.
That success period of International players made USGA add international qualifying sites for the US Open in 2005.
In the last 125 years, US Open Golf has witnessed many historical events. Among all the records, Bobby Jones milestone is significant. He won fourth US Open Title in 1930 as well as other Golf tournaments in the same year.
We cannot deny the Tiger Woods record in 2000 US Open. He won the title by a record 15 strokes, which was played at the Pebble beach.
US Open is one of the most favorite and crowded golf tournament. As it is a major championship, winning a title add values to the profile and it prestigious for the golfers. Historically the official name is the United States Open Championship, which is commonly known as US Open golf.